Law Offices of Janet J. Greathouse
Immigration and Nationality Law
TPS Designation for Angola Is Terminated

The
Department of Justice recently announced that designation of Angola under the Temporary Protected Status (TPS) program will expire on March 29, 2003.  According to the DOJ, information provided by the State Department and United Nations show that conditions in Angola no longer support a TPS designation.

Under the
Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), an alien who is a national of a designated foreign state (or in the case of an alien having no nationality, is a person who last habitually resided in such designated state) may be eligible for temporary protected status and work authorization.  The Attorney General may designate a country for the TPS program based on a finding that there is an ongoing armed conflict within the state and, because of such conflict, the return of nationals of that state would pose a serious threat to their personal safety.  The INA also provides other standards for designation, including the occurrence of an environmental disaster in the state which results in a substantial, but temporary, disruption of living conditions and the state's inability to handle adequately the return of nationals.

The
DOJ initially designated Angola in March 29, 2000.  However, the Attorney General has determined that conditions in Angola no longer support such designation because the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) and the Government of Angola recommitted to the Lusaka Peace Process.  According to the State Department, the parties are committed to continue discussions on future elections and organizing a power sharing structure.  The State Department also reported that fighting has ceased and 84,000 UNITA combatants have disarmed.  Moreover, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees has estimated that 70,000 refugees and 860,000 displaced persons have returned to their home areas since February of 2002.
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